While the exact causes of angular cheilitis are usually different forms of infection, several factors can create an increased risk for people to contract this skin condition.
It is important to understand the causes of angular cheilitis in order to prevent the condition and to help develop a treatment for those who already suffer from it.
Once the causes are determined, a specific course of action can be taken to alleviate the symptoms.
Numerous Causes of Angular Cheilitis
Angular cheilitis does not have a single cause or risk factor attributed to it. The three most common causes are as follows:
• Bacterial infection
• Fungal infection
• Allergic reaction
These and the other causes of angular cheilitis do not occur out of happenstance. There are extenuating circumstances and risk factors that directly lead to these causes.
Vitamin Deficiency and Angular Cheilitis
One of the leading risk factors for developing angular cheilitis is one or more vitamin deficiencies. All of the following deficiencies can lead to the condition:
• Riboflavin (vitamin B2) deficiency
• Iron deficiency
• Zinc deficiency
Riboflavin, also known as vitamin B2, is one of the major causes of angular cheilitis.
Riboflavin is used by the body in the production of energy and the metabolizing of fats, carbohydrates, and proteins.
Cracked and inflamed lips are the most prominent symptoms of riboflavin deficiency. The inflammation can extend to the lining of the mouth.
The dryness and cracking often covers the lips and extends to the skin surrounding the mouth.
When the skin at the corners of the mouth becomes too dry and hardened, it can easily crack, beginning a case of angular cheilitis.
Fortunately, riboflavin deficiency is easily corrected through oral vitamins or adjustments in diet.
Iron deficiency is a major source of anemia. It is the sort of anemia that is caused by iron deficiency that may result in the development of angular cheilitis.
Iron deficiency anemia is the most common sort of anemia in the world. Iron deficiency itself can be caused by many different factors.
Chronic blood loss is usually the reason for deficiencies of iron. Blood loss can be through outward bleeding, internal bleeding, or parasites such as roundworms or hookworms.
Ulcers often lead to intestinal bleeding and iron deficiency. Iron deficiency is not as easily treatable as riboflavin deficiency.
Simply upping dietary intake of iron does not usually solve the problem because whatever caused the iron deficiency in the first place is still continuing.
Zinc is an important nutrient for immune system health. Those with zinc deficiencies are more susceptible to the infections that may be causes of angular cheilitis.
Because there is a small fissure at the corners of the mouth, bacteria or fungus can become entrapped there.
The most common type of bacteria that causes angular cheilitis is staphylococci. When it is caused by a fungus, the usually culprit is candidiasis.
Once angular cheilitis has been contracted because of a zinc deficiency, simply increases zinc may not be enough to treat the condition.
The bacteria or fungus may have grown beyond what can be fixed by the immune system, so a prescription for an antibiotic or anti-fungal medication may be required.
Several other causes of angular cheilitis have been observed.
The following are all possibilities for causing the condition:
• Drooling – Drooling during the day or at night makes the corners of the mouth excessively wet for long periods of time.
This warm and wet environment is perfect for the bacterial or fungal growth that can cause angular cheilitis.
• Dentures – Dentures that do not fit properly or are broken may be a cause.
• Cosmetics – An allergic reaction to the ingredients in cosmetics can cause angular cheilitis.
• Sun – Overexposure to the sun can cause the skin to crack at the corners of the mouth.
There are many factors and reasons for why angular cheilitis occurs. It would be a good idea for you to seek out your doctor’s advice on how to cure the condition. In the meantime, why not check out what we have found to be top-of-the-line cure for angular cheilitus. Doctors have been recommending it for years. Just go to Angular Cheilitis Cures now so you can get relief from your problem.